Wheat germ vs Whole-grain cornmeal: How Are They Different?
Wheat germ and whole-grain cornmeal belong to the grains food group, one of the staple food groups for people on a plant-based diet.
Grains and grain products are an affordable source of carbohydrates, as well as essential vitamins and minerals, including B vitamins (such as thiamin, riboflavin, and niacin), iron, and zinc, minerals that are usually harder to get on a plant-based diet.
They also provide a small amount of protein and healthy fats.
However, it is important to note that whole grains are generally a better source of these nutrients than refined grains.
This article will thoroughly compare wheat germ and whole-grain cornmeal and help you learn more about their similarities and differences.
Wheat germ (Triticum aestivum) is a by-product of wheat milling and is derived from the inner part of the wheat kernel.
It is a good source of essential nutrients, including vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and healthy fats. It is particularly high in vitamin E, folate, and minerals like zinc, magnesium, and phosphorus.
Wheat germ is also a good source of plant-based protein, making it a valuable food for vegetarians and vegans.
It is often used as an ingredient in breakfast cereals, granolas, and baked goods or as a topping for yogurt, oatmeal, and salads. It can also be added to smoothies and other drinks for an extra boost of nutrition.
Wheat germ is an excellent source of Vitamin B1 (Thiamine), Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin), Vitamin B3 (Niacin), Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid), Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine), and Vitamin B9 (Folate).
It also contains Vitamin E, and Vitamin K in a small amount.
Whole-grain cornmeal (Zea mays) is made by grinding whole corn kernels into a fine or coarse powder. It is considered a whole grain because it contains all three parts of the corn kernel: the germ, bran, and endosperm.
It is a good source of carbohydrates, dietary fibers, and small amounts of vitamins and minerals like vitamin B3, iron and zinc. It also contains antioxidants, such as carotenoids, flavonoids, and phenolic acids, that have been linked to various health benefits, including improved heart health and blood sugar control.
Whole-grain cornmeal is commonly used in traditional American cuisine, such as cornbread, polenta, and grits. It can also be used as a coating for fish and meats, as an ingredient in baking, and as a thickener in soups and sauces. It is a healthier option than refined cornmeal as it retains all the nutrients from the corn kernel and provides more fiber.
Whole-grain cornmeal is an excellent source of Vitamin B1 (Thiamine).
It also contains a good amount of Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin), Vitamin B3 (Niacin), and Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine) and some Vitamin A, Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid), and Vitamin B9 (Folate).
Wheat germ vs Whole-grain cornmeal Nutrition
Now that we’ve described the origin, taste, and usage of these foods, we can move to the most interesting part – comparing wheat germ vs whole-grain cornmeal.
This comparison will start by comparing the caloric value of wheat germ and whole-grain cornmeal and their macronutrients and then go more in-depth by analyzing their vitamin and mineral content.
|Wheat germ||Whole-grain cornmeal|
|Energy||360 kcal||362 kcal|
|Carbs||51.8 g||76.9 g|
|Sugar||0.98 g||0.64 g|
|Fiber||13.2 g||7.3 g|
|Protein||23.2 g||8.12 g|
|Fat||9.72 g||3.59 g|
|Saturated Fat||1.66 g||0.505 g|
Wheat germ vs Whole-grain cornmeal Calories
Most calories in grains come from carbs.
Comparing wheat germ vs whole-grain cornmeal for weight loss, wheat germ is slightly lower in calories, with 360 calories per 100 grams, compared to 362 calories per 100 grams of whole-grain cornmeal.
However, both wheat germ and whole-grain cornmeal can and should be a part of a healthy diet, and neither one shouldn’t be avoided if you’re looking to lose weight.
Wheat germ vs Whole-grain cornmeal Protein
Grains and most grain products, including wheat germ and whole-grain cornmeal, are important sources of plant-based protein.
However, it should be noted that most grains, with the exception of quinoa and buckwheat, for example, are low in lysine and methionine.
That said, you can combine grains with legumes to get a complete protein.
Wheat germ offers around 65% more protein than whole-grain cornmeal.
Wheat germ has 23.2 grams of protein per 100 grams, while whole-grain cornmeal has 8.1 grams of protein per 100 grams.
Wheat germ vs Whole-grain cornmeal Carbs
Counting carbs can be important for some people for different reasons, including blood sugar control, weight management, or athletic performance.
It’s also important for people on a keto diet, so let’s compare the carbs content in wheat germ and whole-grain cornmeal.
The total amount of carbohydrates is around 33% higher in whole-grain cornmeal than in wheat germ. It has 76.9 grams per 100 grams, compared to 51.8 grams in wheat germ.
There’s less sugar in whole-grain cornmeal than in wheat germ, 40% precisely.
That said, 100 grams of whole-grain cornmeal contains 0.6 grams of sugar, while the same amount of wheat germ contains 1 grams.
Lastly, let’s take a look at the dietary fiber in wheat germ and whole-grain cornmeal.
Dietary fiber keeps the digestive system healthy and helps with weight management by promoting a sense of fullness.
With 13.2 grams of fiber per 100 grams, wheat germ is a better source of fiber than whole-grain cornmeal which wheat germ offers 7.3 grams per 100 gram portion.
Wheat germ vs Whole-grain cornmeal Fats
Like most other grains, wheat germ and whole-grain cornmeal are low in fat.
Fats in wheat germ and whole-grain cornmeal are mostly healthy unsaturated fats. They are naturally cholesterol-free and trans-fat-free.
Total fat in wheat germ and whole-grain cornmeal:
- Wheat germ: 9.7 grams per 100 grams
- Whole-grain cornmeal: 3.6 per 100 grams
Speaking of saturated fats, whole-grain cornmeal is 71% lower in saturated fats.
Whole-grain cornmeal and wheat germ contain 0.5 grams and 1.7 grams of saturated fat per 100 grams, respectively.
Wheat germ vs Whole-grain cornmeal Vitamins Content
This section will discuss the vitamin content of wheat germ and whole-grain cornmeal.
Vitamins are micronutrients, meaning we need only a small amount. However, they are very important for many processes in our bodies.
Wheat germ has a higher amount of vitamin A.
However, whole-grain cornmeal has a higher amount of vitamin B1 (Thiamine), vitamin B2 (Riboflavin), vitamin B3 (Niacin), vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid), vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine), vitamin B9 (Folate), vitamin E, and vitamin K.
Wheat germ and whole-grain cornmeal contain the same amount of vitamin C, vitamin D, and vitamin B12 (Cobalamin).
The following table shows the exact amount of vitamins wheat germ and whole-grain cornmeal contain side by side, so you can easily compare them.
|Wheat germ||Whole-grain cornmeal|
|Vitamin A||0||214 IU|
|Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)||1.88 mg||0.385 mg|
|Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)||0.499 mg||0.201 mg|
|Vitamin B3 (Niacin)||6.81 mg||3.63 mg|
|Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)||2.26 mg||0.425 mg|
|Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine)||1.3 mg||0.304 mg|
|Vitamin B9 (Folate)||281 µg||25 µg|
|Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)||0||0|
|Vitamin E||0.85 mg||0.42 mg|
|Vitamin K||5.9 µg||0.3 µg|
Wheat germ vs Whole-grain cornmeal Minerals Content
Minerals are important for our body to function properly. We need only a small amount of minerals, so they are called micronutrients.
Some minerals, like iron, calcium, zinc, or iodine, are relatively hard to get on a plant-based diet, so it’s important to choose your foods thoughtfully. This part of the wheat germ and whole-grain cornmeal comparison focuses on their mineral content.
Wheat germ is a better source of sodium than whole-grain cornmeal.
On the other hand, whole-grain cornmeal is a higher amount of calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, and zinc.
Wheat germ and whole-grain cornmeal contain the same amount of fluoride.
Check out the table below to learn how wheat germ and whole-grain cornmeal compare when it comes to mineral content.
|Wheat germ||Whole-grain cornmeal|
|Calcium||39 mg||6 mg|
|Copper||0.796 mg||0.193 mg|
|Iron||6.26 mg||3.45 mg|
|Magnesium||239 mg||127 mg|
|Manganese||13.3 mg||0.498 mg|
|Phosphorus||842 mg||241 mg|
|Potassium||892 mg||287 mg|
|Selenium||79.2 µg||15.5 µg|
|Sodium||12 mg||35 mg|
|Zinc||12.3 mg||1.82 mg|
The Final Word
This article highlighted the similarities and differences between wheat germ and whole-grain cornmeal.
Grains, also known as cereal grains, are an important source of nutrition for many people around the world. They are a rich source of carbohydrates, which provide energy for the body.
Whole grains contain important vitamins and minerals, such as B vitamins and iron. Whole grains, in particular, are high in dietary fiber and can help with digestion and weight management.
They may also have other health benefits, such as reducing the risk of heart disease, diabetes, and certain types of cancer.
Grains are also a staple food and an important source of food security in many parts of the world.
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- It's regularly updated.
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