Semolina vs Whole-grain cornmeal: Difference, Benefits, More
Semolina and whole-grain cornmeal belong to the grains food group, one of the staple food groups for people on a plant-based diet.
Grains and grain products are an affordable source of carbohydrates, as well as essential vitamins and minerals, including B vitamins (such as thiamin, riboflavin, and niacin), iron, and zinc, minerals that are usually harder to get on a plant-based diet.
They also provide a small amount of protein and healthy fats.
However, it is important to note that whole grains are generally a better source of these nutrients than refined grains.
This article will thoroughly compare semolina and whole-grain cornmeal and help you learn more about their similarities and differences.
Semolina (Triticum durum) is a coarse, granular flour that is made from the hard durum wheat, a type of wheat that is high in gluten and protein.
It is a good source of carbohydrates, protein, and small amounts of minerals like iron and zinc. It is also rich in B vitamins such as niacin and thiamin.
Semolina is commonly used in the production of pasta and other traditional Italian dishes like couscous and gnocchi. It is also used in some breads, pastries, and other baked goods. It gives pasta a distinct texture and yellow color due to the presence of carotenoids in the wheat endosperm.
Semolina is gluten-rich, thus, it is not suitable for people with gluten sensitivities or celiac disease. Semolina can be enjoyed in moderate portions as part of a balanced diet, combined with vegetables, lean protein sources, and healthy fats.
Semolina is not an excellent source of any particular vitamin.
However, it contains a good amount of Vitamin B1 (Thiamine), Vitamin B3 (Niacin), Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid), and Vitamin B9 (Folate) and some Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin), and Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine).
Whole-grain cornmeal (Zea mays) is made by grinding whole corn kernels into a fine or coarse powder. It is considered a whole grain because it contains all three parts of the corn kernel: the germ, bran, and endosperm.
It is a good source of carbohydrates, dietary fibers, and small amounts of vitamins and minerals like vitamin B3, iron and zinc. It also contains antioxidants, such as carotenoids, flavonoids, and phenolic acids, that have been linked to various health benefits, including improved heart health and blood sugar control.
Whole-grain cornmeal is commonly used in traditional American cuisine, such as cornbread, polenta, and grits. It can also be used as a coating for fish and meats, as an ingredient in baking, and as a thickener in soups and sauces. It is a healthier option than refined cornmeal as it retains all the nutrients from the corn kernel and provides more fiber.
Whole-grain cornmeal is an excellent source of Vitamin B1 (Thiamine).
It also contains a good amount of Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin), Vitamin B3 (Niacin), and Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine) and some Vitamin A, Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid), and Vitamin B9 (Folate).
Semolina vs Whole-grain cornmeal Nutrition
Now that we’ve described the origin, taste, and usage of these foods, we can move to the most interesting part – comparing semolina vs whole-grain cornmeal.
This comparison will start by comparing the caloric value of semolina and whole-grain cornmeal and their macronutrients and then go more in-depth by analyzing their vitamin and mineral content.
|Energy||360 kcal||362 kcal|
|Carbs||72.8 g||76.9 g|
|Sugar||2.67 g||0.64 g|
|Fiber||3.9 g||7.3 g|
|Protein||12.7 g||8.12 g|
|Fat||1.05 g||3.59 g|
|Saturated Fat||0.15 g||0.505 g|
Semolina vs Whole-grain cornmeal Calories
Most calories in grains come from carbs.
Comparing semolina vs whole-grain cornmeal for weight loss, semolina is slightly lower in calories, with 360 calories per 100 grams, compared to 362 calories per 100 grams of whole-grain cornmeal.
However, both semolina and whole-grain cornmeal can and should be a part of a healthy diet, and neither one shouldn’t be avoided if you’re looking to lose weight.
Semolina vs Whole-grain cornmeal Protein
Grains and most grain products, including semolina and whole-grain cornmeal, are important sources of plant-based protein.
However, it should be noted that most grains, with the exception of quinoa and buckwheat, for example, are low in lysine and methionine.
That said, you can combine grains with legumes to get a complete protein.
Semolina offers around 36% more protein than whole-grain cornmeal.
Semolina has 12.7 grams of protein per 100 grams, while whole-grain cornmeal has 8.1 grams of protein per 100 grams.
Semolina vs Whole-grain cornmeal Carbs
Counting carbs can be important for some people for different reasons, including blood sugar control, weight management, or athletic performance.
It’s also important for people on a keto diet, so let’s compare the carbs content in semolina and whole-grain cornmeal.
The total amount of carbohydrates is around 5% higher in whole-grain cornmeal than in semolina. It has 76.9 grams per 100 grams, compared to 72.8 grams in semolina.
There’s less sugar in whole-grain cornmeal than in semolina, 78% precisely.
That said, 100 grams of whole-grain cornmeal contains 0.6 grams of sugar, while the same amount of semolina contains 2.7 grams.
Lastly, let’s take a look at the dietary fiber in semolina and whole-grain cornmeal.
Dietary fiber keeps the digestive system healthy and helps with weight management by promoting a sense of fullness.
With 7.3 grams of fiber per 100 grams, whole-grain cornmeal is a better source of fiber than semolina which offers 3.9 grams per 100 gram portion.
Semolina vs Whole-grain cornmeal Fats
Like most other grains, semolina and whole-grain cornmeal are low in fat.
Fats in semolina and whole-grain cornmeal are mostly healthy unsaturated fats. They are naturally cholesterol-free and trans-fat-free.
Total fat in semolina and whole-grain cornmeal:
- Semolina: 1.1 grams per 100 grams
- Whole-grain cornmeal: 3.6 per 100 grams
Speaking of saturated fats, semolina is 60% lower in saturated fats.
Semolina and whole-grain cornmeal contain 0.2 grams and 0.5 grams of saturated fat per 100 grams, respectively.
Semolina vs Whole-grain cornmeal Vitamins Content
This section will discuss the vitamin content of semolina and whole-grain cornmeal.
Vitamins are micronutrients, meaning we need only a small amount. However, they are very important for many processes in our bodies.
Semolina has a higher amount of vitamin A, vitamin B1 (Thiamine), vitamin B2 (Riboflavin), vitamin B3 (Niacin), vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine), vitamin E, and vitamin K.
However, whole-grain cornmeal has a higher amount of vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid), and vitamin B9 (Folate).
Semolina and whole-grain cornmeal contain the same amount of vitamin C, vitamin D, and vitamin B12 (Cobalamin).
The following table shows the exact amount of vitamins semolina and whole-grain cornmeal contain side by side, so you can easily compare them.
|Vitamin A||0||214 IU|
|Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)||0.28 mg||0.385 mg|
|Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)||0.08 mg||0.201 mg|
|Vitamin B3 (Niacin)||3.31 mg||3.63 mg|
|Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)||0.58 mg||0.425 mg|
|Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine)||0.103 mg||0.304 mg|
|Vitamin B9 (Folate)||72 µg||25 µg|
|Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)||0||0|
|Vitamin E||0.11 mg||0.42 mg|
|Vitamin K||0.1 µg||0.3 µg|
Semolina vs Whole-grain cornmeal Minerals Content
Minerals are important for our body to function properly. We need only a small amount of minerals, so they are called micronutrients.
Some minerals, like iron, calcium, zinc, or iodine, are relatively hard to get on a plant-based diet, so it’s important to choose your foods thoughtfully. This part of the semolina and whole-grain cornmeal comparison focuses on their mineral content.
Semolina is a better source of copper, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and zinc than whole-grain cornmeal.
On the other hand, whole-grain cornmeal is a higher amount of calcium, manganese, and selenium.
Semolina and whole-grain cornmeal contain the same amount of fluoride.
Check out the table below to learn how semolina and whole-grain cornmeal compare when it comes to mineral content.
|Calcium||17 mg||6 mg|
|Copper||0.189 mg||0.193 mg|
|Iron||1.23 mg||3.45 mg|
|Magnesium||47 mg||127 mg|
|Manganese||0.619 mg||0.498 mg|
|Phosphorus||136 mg||241 mg|
|Potassium||186 mg||287 mg|
|Selenium||63.2 µg||15.5 µg|
|Sodium||1 mg||35 mg|
|Zinc||1.05 mg||1.82 mg|
The Final Word
This article highlighted the similarities and differences between semolina and whole-grain cornmeal.
Grains, also known as cereal grains, are an important source of nutrition for many people around the world. They are a rich source of carbohydrates, which provide energy for the body.
Whole grains contain important vitamins and minerals, such as B vitamins and iron. Whole grains, in particular, are high in dietary fiber and can help with digestion and weight management.
They may also have other health benefits, such as reducing the risk of heart disease, diabetes, and certain types of cancer.
Grains are also a staple food and an important source of food security in many parts of the world.
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- It's regularly updated.
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