Millet flour vs Wheat germ: How Do They Compare?
Millet flour and wheat germ belong to the grains food group, one of the staple food groups for people on a plant-based diet.
Grains and grain products are an affordable source of carbohydrates, as well as essential vitamins and minerals, including B vitamins (such as thiamin, riboflavin, and niacin), iron, and zinc, minerals that are usually harder to get on a plant-based diet.
They also provide a small amount of protein and healthy fats.
However, it is important to note that whole grains are generally a better source of these nutrients than refined grains.
This article will thoroughly compare millet flour and wheat germ and help you learn more about their similarities and differences.
Millet flour (Panicum miliaceum) is made from ground millet, which is an ancient grain that is grown in many parts of the world, including Africa, Asia, and Europe.
It is a good source of carbohydrates, dietary fibers, and small amounts of vitamins and minerals like magnesium, phosphorus, and B vitamins. It is also gluten-free and easy to digest, making it a great option for people with gluten sensitivities or celiac disease.
Millet flour is commonly used in baking and is a good alternative to wheat flour for gluten-free or alternative baking. It is also used in traditional African and Asian dishes.
Millet flour is considered a functional food, as it has been shown to positively impact health when consumed regularly as part of a balanced diet. It is also a sustainable crop, as it is drought-tolerant and can be grown in poor soil conditions.
Millet flour is an excellent source of Vitamin B1 (Thiamine), Vitamin B3 (Niacin), and Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid).
It also contains a good amount of Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine), and Vitamin B9 (Folate) and some Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin).
Wheat germ (Triticum aestivum) is a by-product of wheat milling and is derived from the inner part of the wheat kernel.
It is a good source of essential nutrients, including vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and healthy fats. It is particularly high in vitamin E, folate, and minerals like zinc, magnesium, and phosphorus.
Wheat germ is also a good source of plant-based protein, making it a valuable food for vegetarians and vegans.
It is often used as an ingredient in breakfast cereals, granolas, and baked goods or as a topping for yogurt, oatmeal, and salads. It can also be added to smoothies and other drinks for an extra boost of nutrition.
Wheat germ is an excellent source of Vitamin B1 (Thiamine), Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin), Vitamin B3 (Niacin), Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid), Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine), and Vitamin B9 (Folate).
It also contains Vitamin E, and Vitamin K in a small amount.
Millet flour vs Wheat germ Nutrition
Now that we’ve described the origin, taste, and usage of these foods, we can move to the most interesting part – comparing millet flour vs wheat germ.
This comparison will start by comparing the caloric value of millet flour and wheat germ and their macronutrients and then go more in-depth by analyzing their vitamin and mineral content.
|Millet flour||Wheat germ|
|Energy||382 kcal||360 kcal|
|Carbs||75.1 g||51.8 g|
|Sugar||1.66 g||0.98 g|
|Fiber||3.5 g||13.2 g|
|Protein||10.8 g||23.2 g|
|Fat||4.25 g||9.72 g|
|Saturated Fat||0.536 g||1.66 g|
Millet flour vs Wheat germ Calories
Most calories in grains come from carbs.
Comparing wheat germ vs millet flour for weight loss, wheat germ is slightly lower in calories, with 360 calories per 100 grams, compared to 382 calories per 100 grams of millet flour.
However, both millet flour and wheat germ can and should be a part of a healthy diet, and neither one shouldn’t be avoided if you’re looking to lose weight.
Millet flour vs Wheat germ Protein
Grains and most grain products, including millet flour and wheat germ, are important sources of plant-based protein.
However, it should be noted that most grains, with the exception of quinoa and buckwheat, for example, are low in lysine and methionine.
That said, you can combine grains with legumes to get a complete protein.
Wheat germ offers around 53% more protein than millet flour.
Wheat germ has 23.2 grams of protein per 100 grams, while millet flour has 10.8 grams of protein per 100 grams.
Millet flour vs Wheat germ Carbs
Counting carbs can be important for some people for different reasons, including blood sugar control, weight management, or athletic performance.
It’s also important for people on a keto diet, so let’s compare the carbs content in millet flour and wheat germ.
The total amount of carbohydrates is around 31% higher in millet flour than in wheat germ. It has 75.1 grams per 100 grams, compared to 51.8 grams in wheat germ.
There’s less sugar in wheat germ than in millet flour, 41% precisely.
That said, 100 grams of wheat germ contains 1 grams of sugar, while the same amount of millet flour contains 1.7 grams.
Lastly, let’s take a look at the dietary fiber in millet flour and wheat germ.
Dietary fiber keeps the digestive system healthy and helps with weight management by promoting a sense of fullness.
With 13.2 grams of fiber per 100 grams, wheat germ is a better source of fiber than millet flour which offers 3.5 grams per 100 gram portion.
Millet flour vs Wheat germ Fats
Like most other grains, millet flour and wheat germ are low in fat.
Fats in millet flour and wheat germ are mostly healthy unsaturated fats. They are naturally cholesterol-free and trans-fat-free.
Total fat in millet flour and wheat germ:
- Millet flour: 4.3 grams per 100 grams
- Wheat germ: 9.7 per 100 grams
Speaking of saturated fats, millet flour is 71% lower in saturated fats.
Millet flour and wheat germ contain 0.5 grams and 1.7 grams of saturated fat per 100 grams, respectively.
Millet flour vs Wheat germ Vitamins Content
This section will discuss the vitamin content of millet flour and wheat germ.
Vitamins are micronutrients, meaning we need only a small amount. However, they are very important for many processes in our bodies.
Millet flour has a higher amount of vitamin B1 (Thiamine), vitamin B2 (Riboflavin), vitamin B3 (Niacin), vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid), vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine), vitamin B9 (Folate), vitamin E, and vitamin K.
However, wheat germ has a higher amount of vitamin A.
Millet flour and wheat germ contain the same amount of vitamin C, vitamin D, and vitamin B12 (Cobalamin).
The following table shows the exact amount of vitamins millet flour and wheat germ contain side by side, so you can easily compare them.
|Millet flour||Wheat germ|
|Vitamin A||9 IU||0|
|Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)||0.413 mg||1.88 mg|
|Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)||0.073 mg||0.499 mg|
|Vitamin B3 (Niacin)||6.02 mg||6.81 mg|
|Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)||1.27 mg||2.26 mg|
|Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine)||0.372 mg||1.3 mg|
|Vitamin B9 (Folate)||42 µg||281 µg|
|Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)||0||0|
|Vitamin E||0.11 mg||0.85 mg|
|Vitamin K||0.8 µg||5.9 µg|
Millet flour vs Wheat germ Minerals Content
Minerals are important for our body to function properly. We need only a small amount of minerals, so they are called micronutrients.
Some minerals, like iron, calcium, zinc, or iodine, are relatively hard to get on a plant-based diet, so it’s important to choose your foods thoughtfully. This part of the millet flour and wheat germ comparison focuses on their mineral content.
Millet flour is a better source of calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, sodium, and zinc than wheat germ.
Millet flour and wheat germ contain the same amount of fluoride.
Check out the table below to learn how millet flour and wheat germ compare when it comes to mineral content.
|Millet flour||Wheat germ|
|Calcium||14 mg||39 mg|
|Copper||0.535 mg||0.796 mg|
|Iron||3.94 mg||6.26 mg|
|Magnesium||119 mg||239 mg|
|Manganese||1 mg||13.3 mg|
|Phosphorus||285 mg||842 mg|
|Potassium||224 mg||892 mg|
|Selenium||32.7 µg||79.2 µg|
|Sodium||4 mg||12 mg|
|Zinc||2.63 mg||12.3 mg|
The Final Word
This article highlighted the similarities and differences between millet flour and wheat germ.
Grains, also known as cereal grains, are an important source of nutrition for many people around the world. They are a rich source of carbohydrates, which provide energy for the body.
Whole grains contain important vitamins and minerals, such as B vitamins and iron. Whole grains, in particular, are high in dietary fiber and can help with digestion and weight management.
They may also have other health benefits, such as reducing the risk of heart disease, diabetes, and certain types of cancer.
Grains are also a staple food and an important source of food security in many parts of the world.
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- It's regularly updated.
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