Lima Beans vs Split Peas: Which One is Better for You?
Lima Beans and split peas belong to the legumes and legume products food group, one of the staple food groups for people on a plant-based diet.
Legumes and most legume products are an affordable source of plant protein, dietary fiber, B vitamins, and minerals such as iron, calcium, potassium, and zinc, minerals that are usually harder to get on a plant-based diet.
This article will thoroughly compare lima beans and split peas and help you learn more about their similarities and differences.
Lima beans (Phaseolus lunatus), also known as butter beans, are a type of legume native to Central and South America.
They are a popular ingredient in many vegan and vegetarian dishes due to their high protein and fiber content, as well as their creamy, buttery texture.
Lima beans are also a good source of several important nutrients, including potassium, iron, and folate.
They can be enjoyed in a variety of dishes, such as lima bean soup, salads, and dips.
In addition to being a nutritious food, lima beans have been shown to have a number of potential health benefits.
They have been linked to lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels, and may also help to reduce the risk of certain types of cancer.
Lima Beans are an excellent source of Vitamin B1 (Thiamine), Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid), Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine), and Vitamin B9 (Folate).
They also contain a good amount of Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin), and Vitamin B3 (Niacin) and some Vitamin E, and Vitamin K.
Split peas (Pisum sativum) are a type of legume that are native to the Middle East and have been grown for thousands of years.
They are made by splitting dried peas and removing the outer skin, resulting in a small, round, flat legume that is green or yellow in color.
Split peas are a popular ingredient in many dishes, such as split pea soup, and are highly valued for their nutritional content.
One of the main health benefits of split peas is their high protein content.
They are a good source of plant-based protein, making them a popular choice for vegetarians and vegans.
Split peas are also high in fiber, which can help to improve digestion and lower cholesterol levels.
They are rich in nutrients such as iron, potassium, and B vitamins. They also contain several plant compounds that have been shown to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.
Split Peas are an excellent source of Vitamin B1 (Thiamine).
They also contain a good amount of Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin), Vitamin B3 (Niacin), Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid), and Vitamin K and some Vitamin A, Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine), and Vitamin B9 (Folate).
Lima Beans vs Split Peas Nutrition
Now that we’ve described the origin, taste, and usage of these foods, we can move to the most interesting part – comparing lima beans vs split peas.
This comparison will start by comparing the caloric value of lima beans and split peas and their macronutrients and then go more in-depth by analyzing their vitamin and mineral content.
Lima Beans vs Split Peas Calories
Most calories in raw legumes come from carbs. Peanuts are an exception here, but they are often considered a nut instead of a legume because of their nutritional profile.
Comparing lima beans vs split peas for weight loss, lima beans are slightly lower in calories, with 338 calories per 100 grams, compared to 364 calories per 100 grams of split peas.
However, both lima beans and split peas can and should be a part of a healthy diet, and neither one shouldn’t be avoided if you’re looking to lose weight.
Lima Beans vs Split Peas Protein
Legumes and most legume products, including lima beans and split peas, are important sources of plant-based protein.
Split Peas offer around 7% more protein than lima beans.
Split Peas have 23.1 grams of protein per 100 grams, while lima beans have 21.5 grams of protein per 100 grams.
Lima Beans vs Split Peas Carbs
Counting carbs can be important for some people for different reasons, including blood sugar control, weight management, or athletic performance.
It’s also important for people on a keto diet, so let’s compare the carbs content in lima beans and split peas.
The total amount of carbohydrates is around 3% higher in lima beans than in split peas. They have 63.4 grams per 100 grams, compared to 61.6 grams in split peas.
There’s less sugar in split peas than in lima beans, 63% precisely.
One handful of split peas (28 grams) contains 0.9 grams of sugar, while the same amount of lima beans contains 2.4 grams.
Lastly, let’s take a look at the dietary fiber in lima beans and split peas.
Dietary fiber keeps the digestive system healthy and helps with weight management by promoting a sense of fullness.
With 6.2 grams of fiber per portion, split peas are a better source of fiber than lima beans which offer 5.3 grams per portion.
Lima Beans vs Split Peas Fats
Like most other legumes, with the exception of lupins and peanuts, lima beans and split peas are low in fat.
Fats in lima beans and split peas are mostly healthy unsaturated fats. They are naturally cholesterol-free and trans-fat-free.
Total fat in lima beans and split peas:
- Lima Beans: 0.7 grams per 100 grams
- Split Peas: 3.9 per 100 grams
Speaking of saturated fats, lima beans are 50% lower in saturated fats.
Lima Beans and split peas contain 0.2 grams and 0.4 grams of saturated fat per 100 grams, respectively.
Lima Beans vs Split Peas Vitamins Content
This section will discuss the vitamin content of lima beans and split peas.
Vitamins are micronutrients, meaning we need only a small amount. However, they are very important for many processes in our bodies.
Lima Beans have a higher amount of vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin B1 (Thiamine), vitamin B2 (Riboflavin), vitamin B3 (Niacin), and vitamin K.
However, split peas have a higher amount of vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid), vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine), vitamin B9 (Folate), and vitamin E.
Lima Beans and split peas contain the same amount of vitamin D, and vitamin B12 (Cobalamin).
The following table shows the exact amount of vitamins lima beans and split peas contain side by side, so you can easily compare them.
|Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)
|Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
|Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
|Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)
|Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine)
|Vitamin B9 (Folate)
|Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)
Lima Beans vs Split Peas Minerals Content
Minerals are important for our body to function properly. We need only a small amount of minerals, so they are called micronutrients.
Some minerals, like iron, calcium, zinc or, iodine, are relatively hard to get on a plant-based diet, so it’s important to choose your foods thoughtfully. This part of the lima beans and split peas comparison focuses on their mineral content.
Lima Beans are a better source of copper, selenium, and zinc than split peas.
On the other hand, split peas are a higher amount of calcium, fluoride, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, and sodium.
Check out the table below to learn how lima beans and split peas compare when it comes to mineral content.
The Final Word
Lima Beans and split peas are highly nutritious and a great addition to a plant-based diet.
Both lima beans and split peas are high in specific vitamins and minerals, and including them in your diet will give you the most benefits they offer.
Antioxidants found in beans and legumes can help to protect cells from damage and may reduce the risk of certain diseases and the effects of aging.
Additionally, the fiber and other nutrients in these foods can support the health of the digestive system and may even help to prevent certain digestive cancers.
Legumes are versatile food that can be incorporated into any meal of the day, including breakfast, lunch, or dinner. They can be served hot or cold, making them a convenient and tasty addition to a variety of dishes.
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