Defatted Soy Meal vs Soy Protein Isolate: Which Is Better?
Defatted Soy Meal and soy protein isolate belong to the legumes and legume products food group, one of the staple food groups for people on a plant-based diet.
Legumes and most legume products are an affordable source of plant protein, dietary fiber, B vitamins, and minerals such as iron, calcium, potassium, and zinc, minerals that are usually harder to get on a plant-based diet.
This article will thoroughly compare defatted soy meal and soy protein isolate and help you learn more about their similarities and differences.
Defatted Soy Meal
Soy meal, also known as defatted soy flour, is a byproduct of the production of soy oil.
It is made by grinding the remaining solids (after the oil has been extracted) into a fine powder.
Soy meal is a good source of plant-based protein and is commonly used as a protein supplement in animal feed and as an ingredient in a variety of food products.
One of the main health benefits of soy meal is its high protein content. Soybeans, from which soy meal is made, are a good source of plant-based protein, making soy meal a popular choice for vegetarians and vegans.
Soy meal is also rich in a number of nutrients, including vitamins, minerals, and amino acids.
It is also a good source of fiber, which can help to improve digestion and lower cholesterol levels.
In terms of health benefits, soy meal has been shown to have a number of positive effects on the body.
It is a good source of isoflavones, plant compounds that have been shown to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.
Some studies have also suggested that soy meal may have a positive effect on bone health, due to its high calcium content.
Defatted Soy Meal is an excellent source of Vitamin B1 (Thiamine), Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid), Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine), and Vitamin B9 (Folate).
It also contains a good amount of Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin), Vitamin B3 (Niacin), and Vitamin K.
Soy Protein Isolate
Soy protein isolate is a highly purified form of protein derived from soybeans.
It is made by removing most of the fats and carbohydrates from soybeans, leaving mostly protein behind. It is a popular ingredient in many processed foods, such as protein bars and powders, as well as in meat and dairy alternatives.
Soy protein is also used as a binder and emulsifier in various foods.
Soy protein isolate is a good source of essential amino acids, which are the building blocks of protein. It is also low in fat and cholesterol-free, making it a heart-healthy option.
Additionally, it may help to lower cholesterol levels, improve bone health and support weight management. It can also be a good source of protein for vegetarians and vegans.
Soy Protein Isolate is an excellent source of Vitamin B9 (Folate).
It also contains a good amount of Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) and some Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin), Vitamin B3 (Niacin), and Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine).
Defatted Soy Meal vs Soy Protein Isolate Nutrition
Now that we’ve described the origin, taste, and usage of these foods, we can move to the most interesting part – comparing defatted soy meal vs soy protein isolate.
This comparison will start by comparing the caloric value of defatted soy meal and soy protein isolate and their macronutrients and then go more in-depth by analyzing their vitamin and mineral content.
|Defatted Soy Meal
|Soy Protein Isolate
Defatted Soy Meal vs Soy Protein Isolate Calories
Most calories in raw legumes come from carbs. Peanuts are an exception here, but they are often considered a nut instead of a legume because of their nutritional profile.
Comparing soy protein isolate vs defatted soy meal for weight loss, soy protein isolate is slightly lower in calories, with 335 calories per 100 grams, compared to 337 calories per 100 grams of defatted soy meal.
However, both defatted soy meal and soy protein isolate can and should be a part of a healthy diet, and neither one shouldn’t be avoided if you’re looking to lose weight.
Defatted Soy Meal vs Soy Protein Isolate Protein
Legumes and most legume products, including defatted soy meal and soy protein isolate, are important sources of plant-based protein.
Soy Protein Isolate offers around 44% more protein than defatted soy meal.
Soy Protein Isolate has 88.3 grams of protein per 100 grams, while defatted soy meal has 49.2 grams of protein per 100 grams.
Defatted Soy Meal vs Soy Protein Isolate Carbs
Counting carbs can be important for some people for different reasons, including blood sugar control, weight management, or athletic performance.
It’s also important for people on a keto diet, so let’s compare the carbs content in defatted soy meal and soy protein isolate.
The total amount of carbohydrates is around 100% higher in defatted soy meal than in soy protein isolate. It have 35.9 grams per 100 grams, compared to 0 grams in soy protein isolate.
There’s less sugar in soy protein isolate than in defatted soy meal, 100% precisely.
One handful of soy protein isolate (28 grams) contains 0 grams of sugar, while the same amount of defatted soy meal contains 1.7 grams.
Lastly, let’s take a look at the dietary fiber in defatted soy meal and soy protein isolate.
Dietary fiber keeps the digestive system healthy and helps with weight management by promoting a sense of fullness.
With 1.5 grams of fiber per portion, defatted soy meal is a better source of fiber than soy protein isolate which defatted soy meal offers 0 grams per portion.
Defatted Soy Meal vs Soy Protein Isolate Fats
Like most other legumes, with the exception of lupins and peanuts, defatted soy meal and soy protein isolate are low in fat.
Fats in defatted soy meal and soy protein isolate are mostly healthy unsaturated fats. They are naturally cholesterol-free and trans-fat-free.
Total fat in defatted soy meal and soy protein isolate:
- Defatted Soy Meal: 2.4 grams per 100 grams
- Soy Protein Isolate: 3.4 per 100 grams
Speaking of saturated fats, defatted soy meal is 25% lower in saturated fats.
Defatted Soy Meal and soy protein isolate contain 0.3 grams and 0.4 grams of saturated fat per 100 grams, respectively.
Defatted Soy Meal vs Soy Protein Isolate Vitamins Content
This section will discuss the vitamin content of defatted soy meal and soy protein isolate.
Vitamins are micronutrients, meaning we need only a small amount. However, they are very important for many processes in our bodies.
However, soy protein isolate has a higher amount of vitamin A, vitamin B1 (Thiamine), vitamin B2 (Riboflavin), vitamin B3 (Niacin), vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid), vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine), vitamin B9 (Folate), vitamin E, and vitamin K.
Defatted Soy Meal and soy protein isolate contain the same amount of vitamin C, vitamin D, and vitamin B12 (Cobalamin).
The following table shows the exact amount of vitamins defatted soy meal and soy protein isolate contain side by side, so you can easily compare them.
|Defatted Soy Meal
|Soy Protein Isolate
|Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)
|Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
|Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
|Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)
|Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine)
|Vitamin B9 (Folate)
|Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)
Defatted Soy Meal vs Soy Protein Isolate Minerals Content
Minerals are important for our body to function properly. We need only a small amount of minerals, so they are called micronutrients.
Some minerals, like iron, calcium, zinc or, iodine, are relatively hard to get on a plant-based diet, so it’s important to choose your foods thoughtfully. This part of the defatted soy meal and soy protein isolate comparison focuses on their mineral content.
Defatted Soy Meal is a better source of iron, phosphorus, and sodium than soy protein isolate.
On the other hand, soy protein isolate is a higher amount of calcium, copper, magnesium, manganese, potassium, selenium, and zinc.
Defatted Soy Meal and soy protein isolate contain the same amount of fluoride.
Check out the table below to learn how defatted soy meal and soy protein isolate compare when it comes to mineral content.
|Defatted Soy Meal
|Soy Protein Isolate
The Final Word
Defatted Soy Meal and soy protein isolate are highly nutritious and a great addition to a plant-based diet.
Both defatted soy meal and soy protein isolate are high in specific vitamins and minerals, and including them in your diet will give you the most benefits they offer.
Antioxidants found in beans and legumes can help to protect cells from damage and may reduce the risk of certain diseases and the effects of aging.
Additionally, the fiber and other nutrients in these foods can support the health of the digestive system and may even help to prevent certain digestive cancers.
Legumes are versatile food that can be incorporated into any meal of the day, including breakfast, lunch, or dinner. They can be served hot or cold, making them a convenient and tasty addition to a variety of dishes.
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