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Amaranth vs Whole-wheat flour: How Do They Compare?

This article explains the key similarities and differences between amaranth and whole-wheat flour, foods from the grains food group. Read on to learn more about the amaranth vs whole-wheat flour comparison.
Catherine Toledo, Journalist

Written by Catherine Toledo, Journalist. Updated on February 1, 2023.

Amaranth and whole-wheat flour belong to the grains food group, one of the staple food groups for people on a plant-based diet.

Grains and grain products are an affordable source of carbohydrates, as well as essential vitamins and minerals, including B vitamins (such as thiamin, riboflavin, and niacin), iron, and zinc, minerals that are usually harder to get on a plant-based diet.

They also provide a small amount of protein and healthy fats.

However, it is important to note that whole grains are generally a better source of these nutrients than refined grains.

This article will thoroughly compare amaranth and whole-wheat flour and help you learn more about their similarities and differences.


Amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) is a group of annual plants that are native to Central and South America.

It is a good source of carbohydrates, dietary fibers, and small amounts of vitamins and minerals like magnesium, phosphorus, and B vitamins. It is also gluten-free and easy to digest, making it a great option for people with gluten sensitivities or celiac disease.

Amaranth is an ancient grain that has been used for centuries in traditional cuisine and has a nutty and slightly earthy flavor. It can be used as a side dish, added to soups and stews, ground into flour and used in baking, or popped like popcorn. It is also a valuable food source for people in its native regions, particularly in Mexico and Peru.

Amaranth is considered a functional food, as it has been shown to have a positive impact on health when consumed regularly as part of a balanced diet. It is also a sustainable crop, as it is drought-tolerant and can be grown in poor soil conditions.

Amaranth is an excellent source of Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid), and Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine).

It also contains a good amount of Vitamin B1 (Thiamine), Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin), and Vitamin B9 (Folate) and some Vitamin C, Vitamin B3 (Niacin), and Vitamin E.

Whole-wheat flour

Whole-grain wheat flour (Triticum aestivum) is made by grinding the entire wheat kernel into a fine powder. It is considered a whole grain because it contains all three parts of the wheat kernel: the bran, germ, and endosperm.

It is a good source of dietary fibers, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, including B vitamins, iron, zinc, and magnesium. It also contains antioxidants such as phenolic acids and flavonoids that have been linked to various health benefits, including improved heart health and blood sugar control.

Whole-grain wheat flour is commonly used in baking bread, pastries, and other baked goods and can also be used as a thickener for soups and sauces. It is a healthier option than refined flour as it retains all the nutrients from the wheat kernel and provides more fiber.

Whole-wheat flour is an excellent source of Vitamin B1 (Thiamine), and Vitamin B3 (Niacin).

It also contains a good amount of Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin), Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid), Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine), and Vitamin B9 (Folate) and some Vitamin E.

Amaranth vs Whole-wheat flour Nutrition

Now that we’ve described the origin, taste, and usage of these foods, we can move to the most interesting part – comparing amaranth vs whole-wheat flour.

This comparison will start by comparing the caloric value of amaranth and whole-wheat flour and their macronutrients and then go more in-depth by analyzing their vitamin and mineral content.

AmaranthWhole-wheat flour
Energy371 kcal340 kcal
Carbs65.2 g72 g
Sugar1.69 g0.41 g
Fiber6.7 g10.7 g
Protein13.6 g13.2 g
Fat7.02 g2.5 g
Saturated Fat1.46 g0.43 g

Amaranth vs Whole-wheat flour Calories

Most calories in grains come from carbs.

Comparing whole-wheat flour vs amaranth for weight loss, whole-wheat flour is slightly lower in calories, with 340 calories per 100 grams, compared to 371 calories per 100 grams of amaranth.

However, both amaranth and whole-wheat flour can and should be a part of a healthy diet, and neither one shouldn’t be avoided if you’re looking to lose weight.

Amaranth vs Whole-wheat flour Protein

Grains and most grain products, including amaranth and whole-wheat flour, are important sources of plant-based protein.

However, it should be noted that most grains, with the exception of quinoa and buckwheat, for example, are low in lysine and methionine.

That said, you can combine grains with legumes to get a complete protein.

Amaranth offers around 3% more protein than whole-wheat flour.

Amaranth has 13.6 grams of protein per 100 grams, while whole-wheat flour has 13.2 grams of protein per 100 grams.

Amaranth vs Whole-wheat flour Carbs

Counting carbs can be important for some people for different reasons, including blood sugar control, weight management, or athletic performance.

It’s also important for people on a keto diet, so let’s compare the carbs content in amaranth and whole-wheat flour.

The total amount of carbohydrates is around 9% higher in whole-wheat flour than in amaranth. It has 72 grams per 100 grams, compared to 65.2 grams in amaranth.

There’s less sugar in whole-wheat flour than in amaranth, 76% precisely.

That said, 100 grams of whole-wheat flour contains 0.4 grams of sugar, while the same amount of amaranth contains 1.7 grams.

Lastly, let’s take a look at the dietary fiber in amaranth and whole-wheat flour.

Dietary fiber keeps the digestive system healthy and helps with weight management by promoting a sense of fullness.

With 10.7 grams of fiber per 100 grams, whole-wheat flour is a better source of fiber than amaranth which offers 6.7 grams per 100 gram portion.

Amaranth vs Whole-wheat flour Fats

Like most other grains, amaranth and whole-wheat flour are low in fat.

Fats in amaranth and whole-wheat flour are mostly healthy unsaturated fats. They are naturally cholesterol-free and trans-fat-free.

Total fat in amaranth and whole-wheat flour:

  • Amaranth: 7 grams per 100 grams
  • Whole-wheat flour: 2.5 per 100 grams

Speaking of saturated fats, whole-wheat flour is 73% lower in saturated fats.

Whole-wheat flour and amaranth contain 0.4 grams and 1.5 grams of saturated fat per 100 grams, respectively.

Amaranth vs Whole-wheat flour Vitamins Content

This section will discuss the vitamin content of amaranth and whole-wheat flour.

Vitamins are micronutrients, meaning we need only a small amount. However, they are very important for many processes in our bodies.

Amaranth has a higher amount of vitamin A, vitamin B1 (Thiamine), vitamin B3 (Niacin), and vitamin K.

However, whole-wheat flour has a higher amount of vitamin C, vitamin B2 (Riboflavin), vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid), vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine), vitamin B9 (Folate), and vitamin E.

Amaranth and whole-wheat flour contain the same amount of vitamin D, and vitamin B12 (Cobalamin).

The following table shows the exact amount of vitamins amaranth and whole-wheat flour contain side by side, so you can easily compare them.

AmaranthWhole-wheat flour
Vitamin A2 IU9 IU
Vitamin C4.2 mg0
Vitamin D00
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)0.116 mg0.502 mg
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)0.2 mg0.165 mg
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)0.923 mg4.96 mg
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)1.46 mg0.603 mg
Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine)0.591 mg0.407 mg
Vitamin B9 (Folate)82 µg44 µg
Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)00
Vitamin E1.19 mg0.71 mg
Vitamin K01.9 µg

Amaranth vs Whole-wheat flour Minerals Content

Minerals are important for our body to function properly. We need only a small amount of minerals, so they are called micronutrients.

Some minerals, like iron, calcium, zinc, or iodine, are relatively hard to get on a plant-based diet, so it’s important to choose your foods thoughtfully. This part of the amaranth and whole-wheat flour comparison focuses on their mineral content.

Amaranth is a better source of manganese, and selenium than whole-wheat flour.

On the other hand, whole-wheat flour is a higher amount of calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and zinc.

Amaranth and whole-wheat flour contain the same amount of fluoride.

Check out the table below to learn how amaranth and whole-wheat flour compare when it comes to mineral content.

AmaranthWhole-wheat flour
Calcium159 mg34 mg
Copper0.525 mg0.41 mg
Iron7.61 mg3.6 mg
Magnesium248 mg137 mg
Manganese3.33 mg4.07 mg
Phosphorus557 mg357 mg
Potassium508 mg363 mg
Selenium18.7 µg61.8 µg
Sodium4 mg2 mg
Zinc2.87 mg2.6 mg

The Final Word

This article highlighted the similarities and differences between amaranth and whole-wheat flour.

Grains, also known as cereal grains, are an important source of nutrition for many people around the world. They are a rich source of carbohydrates, which provide energy for the body.

Whole grains contain important vitamins and minerals, such as B vitamins and iron. Whole grains, in particular, are high in dietary fiber and can help with digestion and weight management.

They may also have other health benefits, such as reducing the risk of heart disease, diabetes, and certain types of cancer.

Grains are also a staple food and an important source of food security in many parts of the world.


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