Cornstarch vs Millet flour: What’s The Difference?
Cornstarch and millet flour belong to the grains food group, one of the staple food groups for people on a plant-based diet.
Grains and grain products are an affordable source of carbohydrates, as well as essential vitamins and minerals, including B vitamins (such as thiamin, riboflavin, and niacin), iron, and zinc, minerals that are usually harder to get on a plant-based diet.
They also provide a small amount of protein and healthy fats.
However, it is important to note that whole grains are generally a better source of these nutrients than refined grains.
This article will thoroughly compare cornstarch and millet flour and help you learn more about their similarities and differences.
Cornstarch (Zea mays) is a type of carbohydrate derived from the endosperm of the corn kernel.
It is a good source of energy, providing a high amount of carbohydrates and small amounts of protein, vitamins, and minerals. It is pure starch and has a very low nutritional value compared to whole-grain cornmeal.
Cornstarch is commonly used as a thickening agent in cooking and baking, as it can absorb liquids and increase the viscosity of sauces, gravies, and puddings. It is also used as a coating for fried foods to provide a crisp texture. It is a gluten-free ingredient and can be used as a thickener for people with gluten sensitivity or celiac disease.
Cornstarch is typically used in small amounts and is not a significant source of nutrition in the diet. It is often used as a thickener in combination with other ingredients, and when consumed in moderation, it can be included as part of a healthy diet.
Cornstarch is not an excellent source of any particular vitamin.
Millet flour (Panicum miliaceum) is made from ground millet, which is an ancient grain that is grown in many parts of the world, including Africa, Asia, and Europe.
It is a good source of carbohydrates, dietary fibers, and small amounts of vitamins and minerals like magnesium, phosphorus, and B vitamins. It is also gluten-free and easy to digest, making it a great option for people with gluten sensitivities or celiac disease.
Millet flour is commonly used in baking and is a good alternative to wheat flour for gluten-free or alternative baking. It is also used in traditional African and Asian dishes.
Millet flour is considered a functional food, as it has been shown to positively impact health when consumed regularly as part of a balanced diet. It is also a sustainable crop, as it is drought-tolerant and can be grown in poor soil conditions.
Millet flour is an excellent source of Vitamin B1 (Thiamine), Vitamin B3 (Niacin), and Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid).
It also contains a good amount of Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine), and Vitamin B9 (Folate) and some Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin).
Cornstarch vs Millet flour Nutrition
Now that we’ve described the origin, taste, and usage of these foods, we can move to the most interesting part – comparing cornstarch vs millet flour.
This comparison will start by comparing the caloric value of cornstarch and millet flour and their macronutrients and then go more in-depth by analyzing their vitamin and mineral content.
Cornstarch vs Millet flour Calories
Most calories in grains come from carbs.
Comparing cornstarch vs millet flour for weight loss, cornstarch is slightly lower in calories, with 381 calories per 100 grams, compared to 382 calories per 100 grams of millet flour.
However, both cornstarch and millet flour can and should be a part of a healthy diet, and neither one shouldn’t be avoided if you’re looking to lose weight.
Cornstarch vs Millet flour Protein
Grains and most grain products, including cornstarch and millet flour, are important sources of plant-based protein.
However, it should be noted that most grains, with the exception of quinoa and buckwheat, for example, are low in lysine and methionine.
That said, you can combine grains with legumes to get a complete protein.
Millet flour offers around 98% more protein than cornstarch.
Millet flour has 10.8 grams of protein per 100 grams, while cornstarch has 0.3 grams of protein per 100 grams.
Cornstarch vs Millet flour Carbs
Counting carbs can be important for some people for different reasons, including blood sugar control, weight management, or athletic performance.
It’s also important for people on a keto diet, so let’s compare the carbs content in cornstarch and millet flour.
The total amount of carbohydrates is around 18% higher in cornstarch than in millet flour. It has 91.3 grams per 100 grams, compared to 75.1 grams in millet flour.
There’s less sugar in cornstarch than in millet flour, 100% precisely.
That said, 100 grams of cornstarch contains 0 grams of sugar, while the same amount of millet flour contains 1.7 grams.
Lastly, let’s take a look at the dietary fiber in cornstarch and millet flour.
Dietary fiber keeps the digestive system healthy and helps with weight management by promoting a sense of fullness.
With 3.5 grams of fiber per 100 grams, millet flour is a better source of fiber than cornstarch which offers 0.9 grams per 100 gram portion.
Cornstarch vs Millet flour Fats
Like most other grains, cornstarch and millet flour are low in fat.
Fats in cornstarch and millet flour are mostly healthy unsaturated fats. They are naturally cholesterol-free and trans-fat-free.
Total fat in cornstarch and millet flour:
- Cornstarch: 0.1 grams per 100 grams
- Millet flour: 4.3 per 100 grams
Speaking of saturated fats, cornstarch is 100% lower in saturated fats.
Cornstarch and millet flour contain 0 grams and 0.5 grams of saturated fat per 100 grams, respectively.
Cornstarch vs Millet flour Vitamins Content
This section will discuss the vitamin content of cornstarch and millet flour.
Vitamins are micronutrients, meaning we need only a small amount. However, they are very important for many processes in our bodies.
Cornstarch has a higher amount of vitamin A, vitamin B1 (Thiamine), vitamin B2 (Riboflavin), vitamin B3 (Niacin), vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid), vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine), vitamin B9 (Folate), vitamin E, and vitamin K.
Cornstarch and millet flour contain the same amount of vitamin C, vitamin D, and vitamin B12 (Cobalamin).
The following table shows the exact amount of vitamins cornstarch and millet flour contain side by side, so you can easily compare them.
|Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)
|Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
|Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
|Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)
|Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine)
|Vitamin B9 (Folate)
|Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)
Cornstarch vs Millet flour Minerals Content
Minerals are important for our body to function properly. We need only a small amount of minerals, so they are called micronutrients.
Some minerals, like iron, calcium, zinc, or iodine, are relatively hard to get on a plant-based diet, so it’s important to choose your foods thoughtfully. This part of the cornstarch and millet flour comparison focuses on their mineral content.
Cornstarch is a better source of calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, and zinc than millet flour.
On the other hand, millet flour is a higher amount of sodium.
Cornstarch and millet flour contain the same amount of fluoride.
Check out the table below to learn how cornstarch and millet flour compare when it comes to mineral content.
The Final Word
This article highlighted the similarities and differences between cornstarch and millet flour.
Grains, also known as cereal grains, are an important source of nutrition for many people around the world. They are a rich source of carbohydrates, which provide energy for the body.
Whole grains contain important vitamins and minerals, such as B vitamins and iron. Whole grains, in particular, are high in dietary fiber and can help with digestion and weight management.
They may also have other health benefits, such as reducing the risk of heart disease, diabetes, and certain types of cancer.
Grains are also a staple food and an important source of food security in many parts of the world.
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- We cite relevant studies and trusted sources.
- It's regularly updated.
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